It was born as Parco della Vittoria during the Italian fascist years, then it became Parco delle Rimembranze, to commemorate the fallen of the Great War. Today, under the initiative of Guido Della Valle, it is known as Parco Virgiliano, in honour of the great poet Virgilio whose remains rest in another city park.
A large expanse of greenery built in terraces that offers unparalleled views over the entire Gulf of Naples: with a single glance you can span from Vesuvius to Sorrento, from the island of Capri to the area of Campi Flegrei.
The Park rises on a promontory where the ancient Romans used to build their most sumptuous villas to enjoy the view and it is crossed by the Seiano Cave that leads to the Pausylipon Archaeological Park. It winds through avenues along which you will find ancient trees, myrtle trees, olive trees and pine trees until you reach the terrace called “Valley of the Kings”.
The Seiano Cave, from which you can access the Pausilypon Archaeological-Environmental Park, is a more than 700m long Roman-era tunnel that connects the Bagnoli plain with the Gaiola valley. The Park contains part of the ancient remains of the Pausilypon villa, built in the first century BC by the Roman knight Publio Vedio Pollione. From here, along side one of the most enchanting and fascinating landscapes of the Gulf, it is possible to admire the remains of the Theatre, the Odeion and some representative rooms of the villa, whose maritime structures are now part of the nearby Gaiola Submerged Park, on which the Pausilypon belvederes overlooks.
The amenity and beauty of the places, as well as the mild climate and luxuriant nature, were some of the factors that, starting from the first century B.C., made these places so soughtafter that in a short time they became the most luxurious and famous in the Roman world, inducing senators and rich knights to place their residences here.